Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :

Latin Name

Sanskrit Name English Name Common Name Part(s) used Drug Class Indication
Saccharum officnarum Ekshu Sugur cane Ganna Juice Diuretic, antiseptic, laxative, nutrient .
Salix tetrasperma Vetas Willow Vetas . Diuretic, Urinary tract infections
Salmalia malabarica Shalmali . Salmali Gum, root, thorn Stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac, Pimples, acne
Salvadora persica Pilu Tooth brush tree Chota pilu Bark, leaf Stimulant, external for Rheumatism
Salvia officinalis . Sage Salvia Leaf Memory, tonic, astringent Stress, infections, greying hair, sore throat,
Santalum album Chandan Sandal wood Chandan Wood Volatile oil, sedative, astringent, genito-urinary infections, diuretic, coolant, blood purifier .
Sapindus trifoliatus Arishtak Scap nut Aretha Seed & fruit rind Hair cleanser, hair tonic .
Saraca asoca Ashok Ashoka Ashoka Bark Uterine tonic,  sedative, astringent Menorrhagia,
Saraca indica Ashok Ashoka Ashoka Bark Uterine tonic,  sedative, astringent Menorrhagia,
Sarcostemma brevistigma Soma . Somlata Plant Bark: astringent, bitter, coolant, alterative .
Saussurea lappa Kushtha Costus Kushtha Root Carminative, antiseptic, cardiac stimulant Cough,
Saxifraga ligulata Pashanbhed . Parnbeej Leaf Diuretic, anti-infective, tonic, Kidney stones, bladder stones, respiratory diseases
Schrebera swietenioides . . Morvel . Oil Diarrhoea, burns, boils
Scindapsus officinalis Gajapippali . Gajapipal Fruit Aphrodisiac, carminative,  diaphoretic, vermifuge Pneumonia,
Semecarpus anacardium Bhallatak Marking nut Bhillawa Nut Dyspepsia, Anaemia, fever, pimples, psoriasis, sore throat, splenitis, sprain, toothache, wart, tumour
Sesamum indicum Til Sesame Til Seed, oil Tonic, emollient, galactagogue, ayurvedic carrier oil Rheumatism, piles, tumour,
Sesbania grandiflora Agastya . Agasti Bark, leaf Bitter tonic, expectorant, Jaundice, colic, pain
Sesbanitia sesban Jayanti . Jayanti Seed , bark Menorrhagia, Useful in diarrhoea , metrorrhagia, spleenomegaly,
Shorea robusta Rall sarjras Resin sal Sal Resin Astringent, aphrodisiac Colic, hydrocele, ophthalmic disorders, spasm, cancer,
Sida cordifolia Bala Country mallow Bala Plant, root Aphrodisiac, cardiac tonic, astringent, diuretic, refrigerant, tonic, slimming agent Ulcer, rheumatism,
Sinapis juncea Rajika Black mustard Rai Seed Appetizer, Cold, anxiety, insomnia
Sisymbrium irio . . Khoob kala Seed Expectorant, stimulant, restorative, febrifuge, Asthma
Smilax china Chopchini Sarsaparilla, China root Chopchini Root Aphrodisiac, Analgesic, alterative, diaphoretic Gout, rheumatism, skin diseases, urogenital diseases, asthma, tumour
Solanum dulcamara Kakmachi . Rubabarik Stem Cardiac tonic, diuretic, narcotic .
Solanum nigrum Kakmachi Black nightshade Makoi Berry, leaf, seed Cardiac tonic Dropsy, fever, stomachic, asthma, skin disorders, nephritis, bladder inflammation,
Solanum xanthocarpum Kantakari . Kateri Root, plant Expectorant Respiratory disorders, stomachic, dropsy, sore throat,
Sphaeranthus hirtus . Globe thistle Gorakhmundi Plant Aphrodisiac,  hepatitis, gastritis, tuberculosis, vermifuge, alterative, tonic Cough, hepatitis, gastritis, tuberculosis,
Sphaeranthus indicus . Globe thistle Gorakhmundi Plant Aphrodisiac,  vermifuge, alterative, tonic Cough, hepatitis, gastritis, tuberculosis,
Spilanthes oleracea Akal kara Paracress Akarkara Root Insecticide Gout, scurvy, bladder, asthma, rheumatism
Sterculia urens . Gum Karaya / Indian Tragacanth . Gum Laxative .
Stereospermum suaveolens Patala . Padal Root , bark Anti-inflammatory, analgesic .
Strychnos potatorum Katak Clearing nut tree Nirmali Seed Alterative, tonic, demulcent, water-purifier .
Strychnus nuxvomica Kupilu Nux vomica Kuchla Seed Aphrodisiac, bitter, stomachic, tonic, analgesic Dribbling micturition, bed-wetting,
Styrax benzoin . Benzoin . Balsamic Resin Antiseptic, expectorant .
Styrax benzoin Lohban Benzoin Loban gum Expectorant, Chronic cough, skin- disorders
Symplocos racemosus Lodhra . Lodhra Bark Coolant, astringent, Conjunctivitis, menorrhagia, dysentery, spongy gums
Syzygium aromaticum Lavang Cloves Lavang Flower bud Teeth care, Wound, burn
Tagetes erecta Zandu Marigold flower Genda Flower Depurative, blood-purifier Bronchitis, piles, rheumatism,
Tamarindus indicus Tintiri Tamarind Imli Fruit Laxative, refrigerant, digestive .
Tamarix gallica Chavaka . Jhau . Astringent, stomatitis, Ulcers, cough, fever, diarrhoea
Taraxacum officinale . Dandelion Dudal Leaf, root Diuretic, tonic, liver diseases, stomachic, vit A supplement Breast cancer,  renal diseases, dyspepsia,
Taxus baccata Taleespatra Himalayan yew Talispatra Leaf Contraceptive, aphrodisiac, Tumour, asthma, bronchitis, epilepsy
Tecoma undulata Rohitak . Rohitak Bark Anti-bacterial, anti-syphilitic .
Tecomella undulata Rohitak . Rohida Bark Spleenomegaly, hepatomegaly .
Tectona grandis Shak Teak Tree Sag Bark Diuretic .
Tephrosea purpurea Sharpunkha . Sharpunkha Plant, root Tonic, laxative, blood-purifier, Spleenomegaly, anthelmintic
Teramnus losasalis Mashaparni . Mashvan Plant Analgesic .
Terminalia arjuna Arjuna Arjuna Kahu Bark Cardiotonic, anti-anginal, tonic, astringent, Asthma, fractures, dysentery
Terminalia belerica Bibhitak Belleric myroblan Baheda  Fruit, leaf Astringent,   Coughs, sore throat, worms, eye diseases, stomachic,
Terminalia chebula Haritaki Chebulic myroblan Harad Fruit, bark . Stomach disorders, acidity, asthma, piles, skin diseases, eye diseases, chronic ulcers
Thevetia nevifolia Peeta karvir Exile tree Pili kaner Root, bark Cardiac tonic, anti-inflammatory, .
Thymus serphllum . Garden Thyme Iper . Antiseptic, carminative, anti-emetic Respiratory disorders
Thymus vulgaris Vanya yavani . Van ajwayan Plant Diuretic, anti- putrifaction Respiratory disorders
Tinospora cordifolia Guduchi . Gulvel Stem, root Aphrodisiac, rejuvenator, anti-pyretic, immuno-modulator,  stimulant, diuretic, Vitamin C, nutrient Asthma, rheumatism,
Tinospora sinensis . . Badi Gulvel Stem Tonic, immunostimulant, anti-inflammatory,  antiallergic, antimalarial, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, nutrient I Rheumatism,
Trachyspermum ammi Yawani Bishops weed Ajwain Leaf, seed . Stomach diseases, common cold, migraine, rheumatism, mouth ulcer, earache
Trianthema portulacastrum Varshabhu . Shwet punarnava Plant Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, Anaemia
Tribulus terrestris Gokshur Small Caltrops Gokhru fruit Tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, kidney stones, Coronary artery-dilator
Tricholepis glaberrinum . . Brahma dandi Plant Aphrodisiac, nervine tonic Leucoderma, spermatorrhoea,
Trichosanthes anguina Padwal Snake gourd Chachinha Plant Purgative Heart diseases, jaundice, fevers, alopecia,
Trigonella foenum-graeceum Methika Fenugreek Methi Seed Purgative, flavouring agent .
Triticum sativum Godhoom Wheat Gehun Seed Nutritive, Eryseplas, burns, scalds, eruptions
Tylophora asthmatica Anant mool . Jangli pikvan Leaf . Asthma, cough
Uncaria gambier . Gambier gum / Pale Catechu . Dried Extract Astringent .
Uraria picta Prishniparni . Prisniparni Fruit Aphrodisiac, analgesic, anti-inflammatory .
Urginea indica Vanpalandu Indian quills Jangli pyaj Seed Cardiotonic Asthma, rheumatism, dropsy,
Urginea maritima . Squill Jungli piyaz Bulb Cardiac stimulant, diuretic, (digitalis like) .
Urtica dioica . Stinging nettle Bichu Leaf, root Cosmetic, anodyne,  diuretic, astringent Rheumatism, sprains, gout, hay fever,
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