Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :
Latin NameSanskrit NameEnglish NameCommon NamePart(s) usedDrug ClassIndication
Paederia foetidiaGandhprasarani

.

Gandhprasariniplant, root, leaf

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory,

Toothache, splenitis, rheumatism, muscle toner
Paeonia officinalisUd saleeb.Udsalap, UdesalamRootEmmenagouge, nervine tonic, ascites, epilepsy.
Pandanus odoratissimusKetakiFragrant screw pineKewdaFlowerStimulant, nervine tonic, Rheumatism
Papaver rhoeasRakta postaRed poppyLalpostFlowerNarcotic, sedative.
Papaver somniferumAhifenPoppy seedKhas-KhasSeed, fruit, Strong analgesic, narcoticInsomnia, dysentery, pains, heat, itching,
Parmelia lichinShaileyaStone flowerCharelaMossAstringent, carminative, laxative, aphrodisiac, Dyspepsia
Passiflora incarnata.Passion flower.LeafAphrodisiac, Insomnia, neuralgia
Pedalium murexBrihad gokshurBig caltropsBada GokhruFruitAphrodisiac, tonic, diuretic, demulcent, Impotence
Peganum harmala.Wild rueHarmalSeed, plantGalactagogue, aphrodisiac, abortifacient Fevers, asthma, worms, menstrual disorders, laryngitis, head lice,
Pelargonium graveolens.Geranium.FlowerPerfumery.
Pentatropis capensisKaknasa.KauwarotiPlantEmetic, haemarrhoids, inflammation, leucoderma .
Pergularia extensa.PergulariaUttranPlantInfantile diarrhoeaRespiratory diseases, worms, piles, rheumatism, women's diseases, , skin diseases
Petroselinum crispum.ParsleyPrajmodaSeed, leafDigestive, aphrodisiacGenito-urinary infections, high blood pressure, eye diseases, menstrual disorders,
Phaseolus trilobus Mudagaparni.MugvanPlantGout, fever, coolant, dirrhoea, haemarrhoids.
Phragmites karkaNalaNodding veed.GrassDiuretic,Urinary tract infections
Phyllanthus niruriBhumyamalki.Bhumi amlaPlantLiver stimulant, diureticViral hepatitis,
Pimpinella anisumShatpushpaAni seedVelaiti saunfSeedDigestive, Cataract, asthma, insomnia, head lice
Pinus longifoliaShriveshtakChir pineBirozaGumFungicidal, bactericidal, stimulant.
Piper betleNagavalliBetel leafPanpattaLeafHeadache, rootConstipation, wounds, boils, lumbago, aromatic, stimulant, contraceptive
Piper chabaGaja pippali.Badi pippaliFruitAromatic, stimulant, carminative., Cough, cold, haemorrhoids
Piper cubebaKankol.Sheetal / kabab chiniFruitCarminative, febrifuge.
Piper longumMagdhi LindipipperPippaliFruitStimulant, alterative, tonicChronic bronchitis, asthma,
Piper nigrumMarichBlack pepperKali mirchiSeedStimulant, alterativeCough, sore throat, aromatic,
Pistacia integerrimaKarkat shringiCrab's clawKakra shingiGallTonic, expectorantAsthma,
Pistacia lentiscusMastic Gum.OleoresinEnteric coating material, microscopically mountant.
Plantago ovataIsabgolaPsylliumIsabgulSeed.Constipation, dysentery, abdominal pain, piles
Pluchea lanceolata Rasna.Rasna( Gudmar)LeafAnti-inflammatory, analgesic, nervine tonic.
Plumaria alba.Frangipani.FlowerPerfumery.
Plumbago zeylanicaChitrakCylon lead rootChitrakRootAlterative, gastric stimulant, Mental disorders, skin diseases, piles, dyspepsia
Polianthes tuberosa.TuberoseRajnigandhaFlowerPerfumery.
Polygala chinensis..SenegaRoot.Fever, dizziness
Polygonum aviculare.Knot grassAnjubarPlantAstringent, styptic, root: anodyne.
Pongamia glabrakaranj.Karanjseed, oil.Skin diseases, UV screen, alopecia
Pongamia pinnetakaranj.Karanjseed, oil.Skin diseases, UV screen, alopecia
Portulaca oleraceaLoniParslaneKulfaPlantRefrigerant, alterative, Urinary diseases, diarrhoea, diabetes, skin diseases, scurvy, liver diseases
Portulaca tuberosa.PurslaneRamjotaPlant.Dysuria erysipelas
Premna integrifoliaAgnimantha.ArniRootAnalgesic, anti-inflammatory .
Premna latifolia..Arni..Boils, colic pain
Premna serratifolia..Takli.Anti-inflammatory, analgesic.
Prosopis cineraria shami.KhejriBarkAbortifacient, laxative, Asthma, worm
Prosopis spicigeraShamiCikura pod .Bark.Rheumatism,
Prunus amygdalusBadamAlmondBadamFruit, seed, Laxative, tonic, nervine tonic, Skin diseases
Prunus armeniacaUrmanamApricotJardaluSeed, kernel, leafAphrodisiac, sedative, demulcentAsthma, constipation,
Prunus cerasusAlbalukDwarf cherryAlubalu, Gilas, OlchiStalkAnalgesic, Fever, skin diseases
Prunus mahalebGandahpriyanguPriyanguGhaula SeedConstipation, abdominal distension, diuretic.
Psidium guajavaAmrut phalaCommon GuavaPeru, amroodLeaf, barkAstringent, laxative, bactericidalDiarrhoea,
Psoralea corylifoliaBakuchiPsoralea fruitBabchiFruit, seedAnti-helmintic, stomachic, deobstruent, diureticLeucoderma, psoriasis,
Pterocarpus marsupiumPitasalaKino, seedBijasarGum Diabetes, astringent, abdominal pain.
Pueraria tuberosaVidarikand.BidarikandRootAphrodisiac, Fever, arthritis, tumour
Punica granatumDadimPomegranateAnardanaSeedDigestiveCough, digestive, piles, pimples, dysentery
Putranjiva roxburghiPutranjeeva.PutrajivakLeaf, fruit.Fever, rheumatism, Liver protective
Pyrus cydonia.Quince seedBedanaSeed, fruit, Demulcent, astringent, expectorant, cardiac tonicDiarrhoea, sore throat,
Randia dumetorumMadanphalEmetic nutMadanphalFruitEmeticDysentery,
Randia spinosaMadanphalEmetic nutMadanphalFruitEmeticDysentery,
Raphamus sativusMoolak .Mooli BeejRhizomeAppetiser, diuretic, laxative, anti-ascorbic.
Rauwolfia serpentinaSarpgandhaSerpiriaSarpgandhaRoogAnti-hypertensive, hypnotic, sedative, increases uterine contractions in labour.
Rhamnus purshiana.Cascara Sagrada.BarkLaxative.
Rheum officinalis..RewandchiniRootMild laxative, anti-inflammatory.
Rhus succedaneaKarkashringiWax treeKakda singiFruit, seedExpectorant, cardiac tonic, Abdominal tumour, dysentery, phthisis
Ribes nigrum.CurrantsNabar, PaperLeaf.Cold, sore throat , fever
Ricinus communisErandCastorArandiSeed, rootGalactagogue, aphrodisiac, Rheumatism, skin diseases, dandruff, constipation, epilepsy
Rosa centifoliaShatpatriRoseGulabPetalsLaxative, carminative, cardiac tonic.
Rosa damascena.Pink rosePhool gulabPetalsCooling agent, flavouring agent.
Rosmarinus officinalis.RosemaryRusmaryLeafFlatulence, stimulantIndigestion, common cold, rheumatism,
Rourea santaloides..VardharoRootBitter tonic, alterative, external Rheumatism, diabetes, respiratory diseases, skin diseases
Rubia cordifoliaManjishthaIndian madderManjisthaRootBlood purifier, anti-inflammatory, immune-regulator, anti-cancer, anti-clotting , natural colour, hair dye.
Rumex crispusAmalvelasYellow dockChukkahRootParasiticidal, antiseptic, wormsConstipation,
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