Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :
Latin NameSanskrit NameEnglish NameCommon NamePart(s) usedDrug ClassIndication
Madhuca indicaMadhukMadhukaMahua, mohaBark, flower galactagogue, astringent, tonicBronchitis, rheumatism, diabetes, piles, orchitis, tonsillitis, eczema,
Majorana hortensis.Common majoram.PlantSpice.
Mallotus phillippinensisKampillakIndian kamalaKabilaFruit hairBactericide, bitter, styptic, anthelmintic, Pimples
Malva ratundifolia .Country mallowKhubasi .Emollient, Scurvy piles, cough, inflammation
Malva sylvestris.Common mallowGul kheirFlowerEmollient, refrigerant, respiratory disorders, Urinary tract infections
Marrubium vulgare.White hove houndPahari gandanaPlantAnthelmintic, dyspepsia,Jaundice, phthisis, hepatitis
Matricaria chamomilla.Bitter chamomileBabuni-ke-phulFlowerInsomnia, dysmenorrhoea, nervine sedative, stimulant, hysteria, antiseptic, wound-healing, flatulence, anti-inflammatory Rheumatism,
Medicago sativaAshvabalaAlfalfa, LycernLasunghasPlant.Dropsy, heart diseases, respiratory disorders, stomachic, arthritis, hair care, hypertension
Melia azadirachtaMahanimbBeed TreeBakainLeaf, bark , rootAntiseptic, tonicSkin diseases, eczema, wormicidal, rheumatism, measles, leprosy, adenopathy,
Melilotus officinalis..AspurakPlantAstringent, anti-inflammatory.
Melissa officinalis.Lemon balmBililotanPlant flowLongevity, memory tonicFever, nervous diseases,
Mentha arvensisPudinaMarsh mintPudinahLeaf, plantCarminative, flavouring agent, antiseptic, refrigerant, Body heat, toothache, intestinal worms
Mentha piperita.PeppermintGamathi pudinahLeafCarminative, stimulant.
Mentha spicataPudinaMarsh mintPudinahLeaf, plantCarminative, flavouring agent, antiseptic, refrigerant, Body heat, toothache, intestinal worms
Mesua ferreaNagkesharCobras saffronNagkesarFlower, budAstringent, alterative, coolant, nutritive. bark: astringent, aromatic.
Mimosa pudicaLajjaluHumble plant/ Sensitive plantLajwanthiSeed, plantBactericide, sedative, purgative, Skin diseases, mouth ulcers, throat inflammations
Mirabilis jalapaKrishnakeli 4'O' clock plantGulabbasPlantDiuretic, lymphadenopathy, anti-bacterial, anti-viralSkin diseases,
Momordica charantiaKarvellakBitter gourdKarelaFruit, leafAnthelmintic,Piles, jaundice diabetes,
Morinda citrifoliaAchukaIndian MulberryAalFruit, leafLeaf: febrifuge, tonic, Asthma, spongy gums, wound-healing
Moringa oleiferaShigruDrumstick, HorseradishShobhanjan, sahijanSeedAnti-fungal, anti-viral, flocculating agent, stimulant, abortifacient, Hypertension, ulcer, rheumatism, sterility, alopecia, cardiotonic, paralysis, liver disorders, spleen disorders
Morus albaTuti, TulaWhite mulberryTutBark, fruitLaxative, nutritive, wormicidalCough, sore throat, anaemia,
Mucuna pruriensKapikachuCowhageKawachSeed, rootParkinsonism, aphrodisiac, : purgative, natural color, diuretic, Vigour. root, nervous system disorders,
Murraya koenigii.Curry leaf treeKurry pattaLeaf, plantCarminative, stimulant, tonic, vomiting , laxative, dysenteryFever,
Musa paradisiacaKadaliBananaKelaFruit, PlantHair care, astringent, laxative, diuretic, Skin diseases, piles, anaemia, venereal diseases,
Musa sapientum Vana laxmiPlantainKelaFruit leaf stem Demulcent, nutrient, astringent, coolant.
Myrica nagiKatphalBay berry, Box myrtleKaiphalaLeaf, barkFe astringent, antiseptic, Asthma, fevers, colds, women's diseases, teeth diseases, wounds,
Myristica fragransJatiphalNutmeg & MaceJaiphalSeedAphrodisiac, carminative.
Myristica malabarica.Wild nutmegRamphalSeedExternal application in ear diseases.
Myrtus caryophyllusLavangClovesLavangBud, leafToothache, antiseptic, carminative.
Nasturtium officinale.WatercressJal-halimPlant, leafAnti-ascorbic, appetizerAnaemia, asthma, hyperthyroidism, piles, skin diseases,
Nelumbo nuciferaPadmojSacred lotusKamal / PadmaFlower, seed, leaf, rootDiuretic, Urinary tract infections, piles, leprosy, vomiting, fever, dysentery,
Nerium indicumKarvirExile tree/ OleanderKanerRoot, plantInsecticide,Epilepsy, herpes, other viral infection
Nerium odorumkarviraSweet Scented oleander.Root, bark,. Diuretic, cardiac tonic, Piles, cancer
Nicotiana tabacumTamrakatuTobaccoTambakuLeaf & stalk Sedative, insecticidal, emetic, purgative.
Nigella sativa.Black cuminKalonjiSeedBactericidal, tumour, stimulant, diuretic, galactagogue, carminative.
Nordotachyns jatammansiJatamansiSpikenardJataBarkEmmenagogue, uterine tonic, hypertension, pericardial effusion.
Nyctanthes arbortristisParijatNight jasmineParijatakFlower, leaf.Cancer, fever, rheumatism
Nymphae rubra..Chhota kanvalRoot, flower.Dyspepsia, piles, diarrhoea, palpitation
Ocimum albumSweet TulsiRan Tulsi plantRantulasPlantCarminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, Skin diseases
Ocimum basilicumVisva TulsiSweet basilKrishna tulsiPlantCarminative, digestive, stomachic, Respiratory diseases, skin diseases,
Ocimum gratissimumVanTulsiShrubby basilRam tulsiLeaf.Rheumatism, ejaculation
Ocimum sanctumTulsiBasilTulsiLeafCarminative, expectorant, bactericidal, hair cleanser.
Onosma echiodesRatanjyot.Rattanjot, Lal jariRootCarminative. leaf: alterative, purgative. flower: stimulantRheumatism,
Operculina turpethumTrivritaIndian Jalap/ TurpethNisothPlant, rootConstipation, laxativeArthritis, dropsy, gout, jaundice,
Opniorrhiza mungaosNagasugandhMongoose plantNagvelliPlantSnake bite, stomachic, eradicative, .
Origanum majorana.MarjoramMarwaPlantCarminative, expectorant, liver tonic, astringentAsthma, skin diseases, common cold
Oroxylum indicumShyonak.Tetu , arluRootAnti-inflammatory, analgesic.
Orthosiphon grandiflorus.Java Tea.Root, barkCardiotonic, appetizer, blood purifier.
Orthosiphon stamineusArjakJava TeaVantulsiRoot, barkCardiotonic, appetizer, blood purifier.
Oxalis corniculataChangeriIndian sorrelAmrut herbPlantDigestive, dysentery, cardiotonic, Anaemia
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