Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :
Latin Name Sanskrit Name English Name Common Name Part(s) used Drug Class Indication
Fagonia cretica Dhanyavas Dhamasa Prophylactic against small pox
Feronia elephantum Kapitha Elephant wood apple Kavat Fruit, gum, leaf, bark Anti-scorbutic, astringent, refrigerant Alopecia
Feronia limonia DhatKapitha Wood apple Kaith fruit, leaf, root Laxative Jaundice, dysentery, diarrhoea
Feronia Wood apple Kaitha Feaf, bark Digestive diseases, biliousness, aphrodisiac,functional impotency, women's diseases Spermatorrhoea, involuntary or premature ejaculation,
Ferula foetida Hing Asafoetida Hing Gum resin Aphrodisiac, carminative, anti-spasmodic
Ferula sumbul Gum resin Bronchial asthma
Ficus bengalensis Vat Banyan, tree/ rubber tree Bargad Bark, seed, latex Diarrhoea, dysentery, piles, leucorrhoea, rheumatism, skin diseases, diabetes, wounds, parasitic worms
Ficus elastica Vat Banyan, tree/ rubber tree Bargad Bark, seed, latex Diarrhoea, dysentery, piles, leucorrhoea, rheumatism, skin diseases, diabetes, wounds, parasitic, worms
Ficus glomerata Udumbar Fig Gular Leaf, bark, fruit, latex Wormicide, carminative, astringent, galactagogue, tonic Respiratory disorders
Ficus racemosa Umbar Bark Galactagogue Adenopathy, boil, epididymitis, hydrocoele, myalgia, scabies, spermatorrhoea
Ficus religiosa Ashwatha Peepal Peepal leaf, bark Astringent, laxative, cooling, alterative, , boils Scrofula, mumps
Foeniculum vulgare Mishreya Indian sweet fennel Badi saunf Seed, roots Carminative, expectorant, tonic, stimulant, tumour, galactagogue, diuretic Hookworm
Fumaria indica Parpat Pitta papada Plant Anti-pyretic, blood-purifier, diuretic
Fumaria officinalis Yavan Parpata Fumitory plant Pitpapda Plant Stomachic, laxative, depurative, blood-purifier for Skin diseases
Fumaria vaillantii Parpat Pitta papada Plant Anti-pyretic, blood-purifier, diuretic
Garcinia cambogia Garcinia Goraka Dried rind Fat burner, anti-obesity, purgative, , source of hydroxycitrates (cosmetic use) Rheumatism, bowel
Garcinia indica Vrichhamala Mangosteen Kokam Rind, leaf Emollient, cardiotonic, vermifuge, carminative Fissure, hyperacidity
Gardenia gummifera Nadi hingu Cambi gum Dikamali Gum Antiseptic, carminative, expectorant, stimulant, vermifuge, insect repellent Sore throat, spasm
Garuga pinnata Tapinja Kakad Gum resin Anthelmintic, gout Cough & cold, gout
Gaultheria fragrantissima Winter green Ganda puro Leaf Insect repellent, antiseptic, carminative Cough, neuralgia, rheumatism, sciatica, tumour, vermifuge
Gloriosa superba Langli Superb lily, Glory lily Kalihari Tuber, root Alterative, purgative, anthelmintic, abortifacient, wormicidal Promote labour pain
Glycyrrhiza glabra Yashtimadhu Liquorice Mulethi root Stomachic, demulcent, expectorant, rejuvenator Constipation, muscular pains, mouth ulcers, baldness, corns, sore throat
Glyece max Bhat Soyabean Soyabean Laxative Malnutrition , allergies, diabetes, dandruff, hair growth
Gmeliana arborea Gambhari Gambhari Root
Gmeliana arborea Gambhari Gambhari Root Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, coolant
Gossypium herbaceum Karpas Indian cotton Kapus Seed Demulcent, laxative, expectorant, aphrodisiac, abortifacient, nervine tonic, diuretic
Gossypium indicum Karpas Indian cotton Kapus Seed Demulcent, laxative, expectorant, aphrodisiac, abortifacient, nervine tonic, diuretic
Grewia tenax Nagbala Gangeran Plant Astringent, cardiac tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac Ulcers
Gymnema sylvestre Madhunasni Gurmar Leaf Hypoglycemic (anti- diabetic)
Hamelia patens Scarlet bush Berries Dysentery
Hedychium spicatum Shati Kapur kachri Root Bactericide, fungicide, stomachic, tonic, expectorant Liver disorders, eosinophilia , asthma
Helianthus annuus Surya mukhi Sun flower Suraj mukhi Seed , flower, oil Colic, diarrhoea, eye diseases, inflammation, whitlow, wound, ulcers, respiratory diseases, hypercholestremia
Helicteres isora Avartini Screw tree Maror phali Pod Check lactation, astringent, expectorant Colic, dysentery, diarrhoea
Hemidesmus indicus AvaAnant Indian sarsaparilla Anant mool Root, latex Substitute for sarsaparilla, alterative, tonic, blood-purifier, appetizer Stomach diseases, urinary diseases, inflammation, rheumatism, skin diseases
Hibiscus abelmoschus Lataksturi Ambrette seed/Musk mallow Lata kasturi Seed Stimulant, antiseptic, stomachic, coolant, tonic, carminative, aphrodisiac
Hibiscus rosasinensis Japa Shoe flower Jasvand, gurhal Flower Demulcent, hair tonic, abortifacient Cough, urogenital, menorrhagia, bronchitis, skin diseases
Hibiscus sabdariffa Rozell herb Lalambari Flower Emollient , cholagogue, dysuria
Holarrhena antidysenterica Kutaj Telicherry bark Kurchi, kada chhal Bark, seed, leaf Stomachic, purgative, liver stimulant, anti-dysenteric, wormicidal Skin diseases
Holoptelia integrifolia Chirbilva Chirbilva, Puti karanj Anti-pyretic, anti-asthmatic
Hydnocarpus laurifolia Tuvrak Kava, Chalmogra Seed, oil Skin diseases
Hyoscyamus niger Parseek yawani Henbane Khurasani ajwain Leaf, seed Sedative, narcotic, anodyne, mydriatic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic Asthma, whooping cough
Hypericum perforatum St John's wort Bassant Upper shoot Anti-depressant, anti-viral
Hyssopus officinalis Hyssops Zupha Plant, leaf Stimulant, carminative Asthma, cough
Icnocarpus frutescens Sariva Shyamalata Galactagogue, tonic
Illicium verum Star anise Badian Fruit Carminative, flavour
Indigofera tinctoria Neeli Indigo Neel Plant Epilepsy, nervous diseases, bronchitis, haemorrhage, old ulcers, premature greying of hair
Inula racemosa Pushkarmula Orris root Pokharmul Root Expectorant Cough, asthma
Ipomaea sepiaria Laxmana Laxmana Root Female sterlity
Ipomoea aquatica Kalambi Swamp cabbage Kalmisag Plant Purgative General weakness, nervousness
Ipomoea batatas Sweet patato Rataloo Rhizome Nutritive Scorpion bite
Ipomoea digitata Kshir vidari Dudhkand Galactagogue, tonic
Ipomoea hederacea Krishna beej Pharbitis Kaladana Seed Purgative, substitute for jalap
Ipomoea turpethum Trivrita Turpeth root Pithori Nisut Root, stem ,bark Laxative, Cough, brain disorders, paralysis
Iris florentina Pushkarmul Root Halitosis, blood-purifier, alterative Cough, brain disorders, paralysis
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