Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :
Latin Name Sanskrit Name English Name Common Name Part(s) used Drug Class Indication
Cadaba Indica . . Dabi bark Antiphlogistic, anthelmintic Dysmenorrhoea
Caesalpinia bonduc Lata karanj Moluca bean Sagar ghota seed Antipyretic, febrifuge Asthma, inflammations
Caesalpinia crista Lata karanj Moluca bean Sagar ghota seed Antipyretic, febrifuge Asthma, inflammations
Caesalpinia digyna Ghrit karanj . Vakeri root Hepato-protective Anaemia
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Ratnagandhi Peacock flower Gulutora root, bark, leaf . Bronchitis, asthma, purgative, cholera, malaria
Caesalpinia sappan Patang Sappan wood Aal Wood Astringent, ecbolic .
Caeslpinia crista Latakaranj . Sagar gota fruit Anti-pyretic, hepato-protective .
Calendula officinalis . Marigold . plant, flower Antiseptic, stimulant Digestive diseases, scrofula, circulatory diseases, skin diseases, conjunctivitis,
Calotropis gigantea Arka Gigantic swallow wort Ankdo, madar root bark, leaf Expectorant,  emetic, tonic Leg-ache, dyspepsia, haemorrhage, myalgia, rheumatism, scabies,dysentery
Calotropis procera . . Aak Root, bark, latex . Piles
Capparis aphylla . Caper kari berrie Astringent Cardiac disorders, biliousness
Capparis decidua Kareer . Ker Bud, fruit, bark Anti-inflammatory Piles, toothache
Capsicum annum Katuvira Cayenne pepper, Chillies Lal Mirchi fruit, leaf Carminative, stimulant, counter-irritant, blood-purifier Toothache, tonsillitis, throat diseases,
Capsicum minimum . Chillies Paprika fruit . Arthritis , rheumatism, chest pain, pericarditis,
Cardiospermum halicacabum Tejovati Winter Cherry Jyotishmati plant, leaf, root Diaphoretic, diuretic, laxative,  anti-inflammatory. Rheumatism, nervous disorders,
Carica papaya Erand karkati Papaya Papita leaf, leaf, plant, seed Digestive Dyspepsia,  intestinal imitation. Flowers: respiratory disorders. seed: antidote for cancer
Carthamus tinctorius Kusumbha Safflower Kusum phool flower,seed Bactericide, diuretic,emanogogue, laxative, Rheumatism, spots, wrinkles
Carum carvi Shahijra Caraway Jeera seed, root, leaf Stomachic, carminative Hookworms, scabies, bad breath, piles
Caryophyllus aromaticus Lavang Cloves Lavang flower bud . Teeth care, wound, burn
Cassia absus chachushya Bankuithi Chaksu seed Astringent, cathartic Skin diseases, eye diseases
Cassia alata Dadrughna Ring worm shrub Dadmurdan leaf Astringent, purgative Eczema
Cassia angustifolia Markandika Senna Senna(sonamukhi) leaf, pod Laxative, purgative .
Cassia auriculata . Tenner's cassia/ Mature tea tree Tarwar bark root seed leaf Astringent, tonic, alterative Diabetes, conjunctivitis, sore throat, menstruation, ophthalmic
Cassia fistula Aaragwadha Indian laburnum, Amaltas Amaltas pod, leaf, root Root- astringent, purgative, tonic, alterative Constipation, fevers, skin disorders;
Cassia obvata Bhutanwad Cassia Chhota taroda flower, leaf Purgative .
Cassia occidentalis Kasmarda Negro coffee Kasondi leaf, seed, root Purgative, diuretic, tonic, anti-periodic .
Cassia tora Chakramanroa Foetid cassia Chakunda seed, leaf, root Laxative Skin disorders, fever, worms
Catharanthus roseus Sada bahar Periwinkle . roots, leaf Anti-cancer, vermifuge Diabetes, diarrhoea, toothache
Cedrus deodara Devdaru Devdar Devadar wood, oil, Diaphoretic, diuretic, carminative Pulmonary diseases, rheumatism, piles, kidney stones, joint disorders
Celastrus paniculata Jyotis manti Black ipecac Malakanguni seed, oil Intellect-promoting, nervine stimulant, memory-booster, promotes menstrual flow, aphrodisiac Rheumatic pain, leprosy, abortion, leucoderma,  bitter, paralysis, beriberi
Cenopodium album Vastuk Goose foot Chandan betu leaf , Anthelmintic, laxative .
Centella asiatica Mandookparni Gotu kola Mandukaparni, Brahmi plant Brain tonic, stimulant, anti-anxiety, anti-stress, diuretic, laxative, hair tonic, rejuvenator Skin diseases,
Cephaelis ipecacuanha . . . root Emetic, expectorant .
Cephalandra indica Bimbi Ivy-gourd Kundru Plant . Diabetes, syphilis, leucorrhoea, cough
Ceratonia siliqua . Locust bean Kharnub bean, husk, pods Astringent, purgative Coughs,
Ceropegia bulbosa . . Hedulo, Patatluman tuber Tonic, digestive, aphrodisiac Cold, eye diseases,
Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium Pyrethrum Patal tumbri flower Insecticide .
Chrysanthemum indicum Sevanti Chrysanthemum Guldaudi Whole plant Sedative, anti-hypertensive Cold, headache, bronchitis, whooping cough, hysteria, fungal infection, stomachic,
Cicer arietinum Chanaka Chicken pea Chana, seed Astringent Fever, dysmenorrhoea,
Cichorium intybus . Wild Chicory Kasni plant Hepatic stimulant, increases bile secretion, tonic .
Cichorum endivia . Endive Kasani plant Resolvent, cooling, bilious complaint .
Cinchona officinalis . Cinchona Cinchona bark . Malarial fever
Cinnamomum glanduliferum . Nepal camphor wood Gunserai wood ,leaf Stimulant, carminative .
Cinnamomum tamala Tejpatra Indian, cinnamon Nagdanti leaf, bark Stimulant, carminative Rheumatism
Cinnamomum zeylanicum Twak Cinnamon Dalchini bark Carminative, digestive Flavor
Cissampelos pareira Patha Valvet leaf Pahad vel, patha . Milk-purfier, antipyretic, blood purifier .
Cissus quandrangularis Ashtnisanhar . Ashthisanghar . Fracture Rheumatism
Citrullus colocynthis Indravaruni Colocynth Indrayan fruit Anti-cancer ingredient cucurbitacin E, powerful cathartic .
Citrullus lanatus . Water melon Tarbooz seed, pulp, Cooling, diuretic, nutritive, antiseptic Typhus fever
Citrullus vulgaris . Water melon Tarbooz seed, pulp, Cooling, diuretic, nutritive, antiseptic Typhus fever
Citrus aurantifolia Naranga Orange . fruit Refrigerant, appetiser Antiseptic, stomachic, anti-scorbic
Citrus limonum Nimabk Lemon Bara Nimbu rind Carminative Stomachic,
Citrus medica Mahalunga Citron Maphal rind, juice, oil Aromatic,  refrigerant, astringent, digestive Stomachic, sedative,
Citrus reticulata . Mandarin Orange Santra rind  . Menorrhagia, stomachic,
Citrus sinensis . Malta / Sweet Orange Mosambi rind Carminative, tonic .
Cleome gynandra Suvarchala . Safed bago/Hulhul seed . Wormicide, deafness
Clerodendron indicum Bharangee . Bharangi mool root . Asthma, cough
Clerodendron serratum Bharangee . Bharangi mool root . Asthma, cough
Clerodendrum multiflorm Agnimanth . Arani . Analgesic, anti-inflammatory .
Clitoria ternatea Aparajita . Aparajit root, seed Intellect-promoting, cathartic, refrigerant, duretic Epilepsy
Coccinia cordifolia Vimboshita . Goitu leaf, root. fruit, bark Alterative, antispasmodic, exporant Glycosuria
Cocculus hirsutus Patalgarudi . Akashvel Roots, leaf Diaphoratic, tonic, diuretic, Skin disorders,  fever
Cochlospermum gossypium . . Katira, Kumbi gum Coolant, sedative Cough
Coleus barbatus Sugandhabala Coleus Garmalu root Anti-hypertensive .
Coleus forskholi Sugandhabala Coleus Garmalu root Anti-hypertensive .
Commiphora molmol . Myrrh . Oleogum resin Local stimulant, carminative .
Commiphora mukul Guggul Indian bedellium Guggal gum resin Anti-lipidaemic, cholesterol reducing agent, antiseptic, alterative, aphrodisiac, nervine tonic, new guggul tonic, old guggul  slimming aid, obesity
Commiphora myrrha . Myrrh Hirabol gum Dyspepsia, chlorosis .
Convolvulus arvensis . . Hiranpaddi plant, root Purgative .
Convolvulus pluricaulis Shankpushpi . Shankhapushpi whole, leaf Bitter, tonic, febrifuge Leaf- asthma, haemetemesis, hypertension
Copaifera spp. . Copaiba gum . Dried Extract Urinary antiseptic .
Coptis teeta Tiktamula Golden thread Erra, Mameer root Cancer, dyspepsia, alterative, stimulant Skin diseases
Cordia myxa . . Lasoda Gum Mild tonic .
Coriandrum sativum Dhanyaka Coriander Dhania seed Carminative,  Menstrual disorders, skin diseases, conjunctivitis
Costus speciosus . Costus kuth root Bitter, tonic, astringent Purgative, depurative,
Crataeva nurvala Varun Steaved tree Vauana bark, leaf,. root Urinary tract infections, kidney stones
Crataeva religiosa Varun Steaved tree Vayavarna bark Demulcent,  laxative,  alterative, tonic, stomachic, diuretic .
Crategus oxyacanthoides . Hawthorn Ban-sangli berrie Cardiac tonic .
Cressa cretica . . Rudanti . Tonic,  anti-bilious, expectorant, .
Crinum latifolium Sudarsan . . leaf ,  bulb Ear-discharge Piles, fever, earache,
Crocus sativus Kunkum Saffron Kesar stigmas Stimulant, digestive, women's ailments  Skin diseases
Crossandra infunduliformis . . Priyadarsa plant Aphrodisiac .
Crotalaria verrucosa Shanpushpi Verru cosa Sanai Leaf Coolant,  salivation Skin diseases
Croton oblongifolius Kastidanti . Nagdanti Leaf Acute inflammatory condition Fever,
Croton tiglium Jaipal Croton seed Jamalgota seed , oil Purgative, alopecia, anti-inflammatory .
Cryptolepis buchanania Krishna sariva Indian sarsaparilla Shyama roots, Alterative, tonic, galactagogue, blood-purifier .
Cucurbita pepo kurlaru . Kaula, Safed kaddu seed Anti-helmintic Burn
Cuminum cyminum Jeerak Cumin seed Jeera fruit Stomachic,  astringent Stimulant,
Curculigo orchioides Krishna musli Black musale Kali musli root Demulcent, restorative, tonic, aphrodisiac Piles, jaundice, asthma
Curcuma amda Amra haridra Mango Ginger Ambehalad rhizome Carminative, stomachic, cooling agent .
Curcuma aromatica Van haridra Zedoary small, wild cochin plant Jangli halad rhizome Tonic, carminative, external application on bruises, sprains .
Curcuma longa Haridra Turmeric Haldi rhizome Anti-septic, anti-inflammatory (ext & internal), anti-tumour, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, natural colour. .
Curcuma zedoaria Karchoor Zedoary Kachura rhizome Carminative Stomachic
Cuscuta reflexa Akashavalli Dordor Amarvel seeds Liver stimulant, itching, carminative .
Cyamopsis psoralioides Bakuchi Cluster bean Gowar, Bawachi Pods, seed, oil, Leucoderma Skin disorders
Cymbopogon citratus Bhustrina Lemon grass Gandhatrana Leaf, Carnimative, coolant,  anti-spasmodic, tonic Insomnia,
Cymbopogon schoenanthus Rohisha Rosha grass Sugani grass Diaphoretic Diuretic, fever, alopecia, respiratory disorders
Cymopsis tetragonoloba Guar gum   Gum Laxative, pharmaceutical excipient  
Cynara scolymus     Hathichuk leaf Edible vegetable  
Cynodon dactylon Durva Creeping cynodon Doob plant   Diuretic, dropsy, conjunctivitis, piles, menorrhagia
Cyperus rotundus Musta Nut grass Motha/Musta Tuber Anti-inflammatory, hepato-protective, astringent, diaphoretic, stomachic, demulcent, vermifuge, hairtonic, , tonic Stimulant
Cyperus scariosus Nagor musta Umbrella's edge Nagarmotha Tuber Abdominal, urinogenital infections, aromatic, astringent, hairwash Stomachic
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