Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants :
Latin Name Sanskrit Name English Name Common Name Part(s) used Drug Class Indication
Abelmoschus esculantus . Okra, lady-finger Bhindi Leaf, fruit, root . Venereal diseases, pneumonia, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis
Abelmoschus moschatus Tindisha Musk-mallow Lata kasturi seed, fruit Diuretic, aphrodisiac, emollient, antipyretic .
Abies webbiana Taleesh . Gobra salla leaf Carminative, stomachic, tonic, astringent, expectorant Bronchitis, asthma
Abroma augusta Ulatkambal . Olatkambal root, bark Emmenagogue, uterine tonic .
Abrus precatorius Gunja Crab's eye Gunja seed   Sore throat, cough, chronic inflammation of  mucus membrane of eyeball & eyelid
Abutilan indicum Atibala Indian mallow Kanghi seed, roots General tonic, Bark-diuretic Fevers, respiratory diseases, piles, skin diseases, thread-worms,
Acacia arabica Babbul Indian Gum, Arabic tree Babul leaf, bark, pod, gum . Diarrhoea, teeth disorders, eczema, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis, epiphora, leucorrhoea, used in toothpastes and gargles
Acacia arabica . Indian gum / Ghatti Gum . Dried Extract Pharmaceutical excipient .
Acacia catechu Khadir Catechu Kher bark, ext, wood Astringent, blood purifier Diarrhoea, sore throat, skin diseases
Acacia concina Satala . Shikakai pod, leaf Hair cleanser, astringent Dandruff
Acacia leucophloea Shwet barhura . Urjia bark Astringent .
Acacia pennata .. . Biswal leaf . Indigestion, bleeding gums, antidote for snake poison
Acacia senegal . . Kumatia gum Emollient, demulcent Burns, sore nipples
Acalypha indica Arittamanjarie Indian acalypha Khokali, kuppi plant Emetic Intestinal worms, constipation, skin diseases, rheumatism, respiratory diseases, earache
Achillea millefolium . Bloodwort Rajmari plant, leaf Anti-inflammatory, anti-infective Fevers, stomach disorders, piles, women's diseases, wounds, high blood pressure
Achyranthes aspera Apamarg Rough chaff Safed aghedo plant Laxative, anti-periodic in malaria, stomachic Asthma, coughs, cholera, renal dropsy, skin diseases, eye diseases
Aconitum ferox Visha, Vatsnabh . Vachnag/Bachnag Root Diaphoretic Fever, rheumatism
Aconitum heterophyllum Ativisha Aconite Atis Root . Digestive disorders
Aconitum palmatum Prativisha . Bikhma Root . Chronic fever, worms, indigestion
Acorus calamus Vachha Sweet flag Vach, vaj rhizome Nervine tonic, emetic, stomachic, resuscitative, Bronchitis, schizophrenia, obesity, fever, rheumatism
Adhatoda vasica Vasa Vasaka Malabar nut, adulsa leaf, roots, flower Antispasmodic, blood-purifier, dysuria Bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, cough, Intestinal worms
Adiantum capillus Hanspadi Maiden Hairfern Hansraj leaf Tonic, demulcent, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, regulates menstruation flow Fever, muscular pain, hair problem
Aegle marmelos Bilwa Stone apple Bel fruit, bark, root, leaf Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory    Constipation, diarrhoea, peptic ulcer, ear diseases, respiratory disorders,
Aerva persica . . Bui . . Dysentery
Aesculus hippocastanum . . Pu fruit Antiperiodic .
Agave americana Kantala American aloe, century plant Barakhawar root, leaf, gum Diuretic, anti-syphilitic, laxative, blood-purifier, liver protective  Hair falling, anaemia
Ailanthus excelsa Aralu . Arua root, bark Analgesic, anti-spasmodic, expectorant .
Albizzia lebbeck Shirish Rain tree Shirish bark,  leaf Antidote Pruritis (itching of skin) diarrhoea, dysentery
Aleurites moluccana Askhota Indian walnut Latjeera Nuts, seed , oil Wormicidal Piles, worm infestations
Allamanda cathartica . Golden trumpet Pilaghanti bark, leaf Purgative, antidote for poisoning Colic pain, acute abdominal pain
Allium cepa Palandu Onion Piyaj blub Stimulant, diuretic, expectorant, aphrodisiac, antibacterial, anti-dermatophytic, anti-oxidant, anti-thrombotic,  blood-purifier, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer Earache, sun-stroke, hypertension
Allium sativum Rason Garlic Lasun blub Bactericidal, diaphoretic, expectorant, antithrombotic, cardiac tonic, diuretic, Fever, respiratory diseases, hypercholestremia
Aloe indica Kumari Aloe Gvarapatha dried juice, leaf Skin moisturizer, vit E supplement, natural sun-screen, anti-ageing, scalp moisturizer, purgative, Acne
Aloe vera barbenoids Kumari Aloe, (Indian) Ghritkumari dried juice, leaf Emmenagogue,  Acne, wound, burns, eczema
Alpinia galanga Kulinjan Galangal Bada kulinjan rhizome Aromatic, bronchial catarrh,  stimulant, aphrodisiac, antifungal, hepatoprotective Rheumatism, fever
Alstonia scholaris Saptaparna Devil's tree Saitan-ka-jhad, chatian leaf, bark, latex . Diarrhoea, dysentery, skin disorders, vit-B deficiency, fevers, catarrhal dyspepsia
Althaea officinalis . Marsh maillo root Gulkhairo root . Cough, cold
Altingia exeelsa SilIhaka Liquid storax Silaras resin Stimulant, anodyne, Skin diseases, colic pain
Amaranthus gangeticus Chaulai Red amaranth Lal sag Whole plant Laxative,  galactagogue, Acute abdominal pain, chronic inflammation of skin, boils, burns, irregular menstrual cycle
Amaranthus paniculatus . . . seed, leaf, shoot Diuretic Piles,
Amomum subuletum Brihad ela Nepal or greater cardamom Badi Elachi seed    Emetic, digestve Itching, respiratory disorders
Amoora rohitaka . . Rohitak bark Astringent, Spleen disorders, liver disorders 
Amorphophallus campanulatus Arsaghan Elephant's foot Jangli suran tuber Stomachic, tonic, restorative, laxative Piles, rheumatism,
Anacardium occidentale . Cashew nut Kaju fruit, bark, Delicacy, diuretic, Diarrhoea, diabetes, toothache, mouth ulcers,
Ananas sativa Ananas Pineapple Ananas Stem, fruit Digestive, cardio-tonic, Tierdness
Andrographis paniculata Kalmegh Andrographis Kalmegh  whole plant Stomachic, bactericidal,  laxative, tonic, alterative, Splenitis, hepatitis
Anethum sowa Shatpushpa Dillfruit Sowa leaf Carminative, stomachic, Diarrhoea, boils, respiratory disorders, menstrual disorders
Angelica glauca Charak Angelica Chora root Carminative,  stimulant Nausea, dysentery, dyspepsia,
Anisochilus carnosus . . Panjiri-ka-pat Grass Perfumery .
Annona reticulata Ramphal Bulls heart Ramphal bark, fruit,  Seed & leaf: insecticidal, antiseptic, Bark: astringent,Fruit: anthelmintic, antidysenteric, Hypertension
Annona squamosa Shubha Custard apple Seetaphal leaf, bark, root, seed, fruit Lvs & seed - Hair care, Fruit-aphrodisiac, cardio-tonic .
Anthemis nobilis . Chamomile Babuna ke phool oil, dried flower Tonic, carminative, insecticide, antiseptic, anti-tumour Nervous disorders of women,
Apium graveolens Ajmoda Celery  fruit Ajmoda, Karmauli seed, plant Aphrodisiac, stimulant, alterative, carminative, stomachic, diuretic, laxative, tonic, sedative Arthritis, hepato-renal dysfunctions
Aquilaria agallocha Aguru Alo of egale Agar (kala) wood powder Wormicidal .
Areca catechu Poog Betalnut plam Supari Seeds Laxative, wormicidal, antiseptic, promotes menstrual flow .
Argemone maxicana satyanashi Mexican poppy Satyanashi root, stem, latex Blood-purifier, laxative Eczema, skin disorders,  jaundice, asthma
Argyreia speciosa Vridhadaru Elephant creeper Bidhara root Tonic, alterative  Rheumatism, nervous disorders
Aristolochia bracteolata Kolishta . Hukka bel  whole plant Diuretic, demulcent Rheumatism
Aristolochia indica Gandhaunakuli Birth wort Isarmool, Ishwarmool Root . Fever, worm, wounds
Artemisa siversiana Damnak . Afsantin Plant, leaf Cardio-tonic,  aphrodisiac Skin disorders, dysentery
Artocarpus communis Lakucha Bread fruit Barhal Fruit, leaf, latex, Laxative Rheumatism , boils with pus, hernia
Artocarpus heterophyllus Kathal Jack fruit tree phanas Whole plant  . Fever, asthma, acute abdominal pain,M67 diarrhoea,
Asclepias curassavica Kaktundi Blood flower Kakatundi flower, leaf , root Diaphoretic, anthelmintic,  purgative, emetic Stomach tumour, piles, gonorrhoea, warts
Asparagus adscendens Shweta musli . Safed Musli root, milky latex Aphrodisiac, demulcent, tonic, galactagogue Diarrhoea, senile debility
Asparagus racemosus Shatavari Asparagus Shatavri root Aphrodisiac, tonic, anti-abortifacient, demulcent, nutritive, galactagogue, coolant, diuretic, alterative Increases breast size, epilepsy, night blindness
Asphaltum Shilajeet . Shilajit mineral Aphrodisiac, diuretic Hypercholesterimia, obesity
Asteracantha longifolia Kokilakchha Asteracantha Gokhulakanta plant . Vigour, dropsy, genito-urinary diseases, liver diseases, anaemia, rheumatism, diarrhoea, dysentery
Astragalus gummifer . Tragacanth . Gum Pharmaceutical excipient  
Atropa belladonna Suchi Belladonna . leaf, roots Narcotic, sedative, diuretic, mydriatic, antidote of opium and aconite .
Azadirachta indica Nimb Margosa tree Neem seed, leaf, bark Antiseptic,tonic, spermicidal Skin disorders, hair care, burn, eczema, worms, gingivitis, measles, diabetes, rheumatism, scrofula,teeth care, soap,

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